According to the latest National Safety Council (NSC) survey, 90% of employers are concerned about mental health and chronic stress impacting fitness for duty – in addition to persistent concerns around legal and illicit substance misuse.
NSC urges that employer policies and procedures outline “workplace impairment” as anything that could impede one’s ability to function normally or safely as a result of a number of factors – from chemical substances, such as alcohol, opioids, or cannabis, to physical factors like fatigue, as well as experiencing mental distress and social factors like stress.
The Council began a holistic assessment of “workplace impairment” in 2020 as the pandemic raged. The NSC found 93% of employers agreed with a broader description that extends beyond substances to include health and wellbeing.
“The National Safety Council has been the nation’s safety watchdog for more than 100 years, identifying emerging issues and developing resources to help keep workers safe from the workplace to anyplace,” said Lorraine Martin, NSC president and CEO. “We believe the issue of impairment is multifaceted and therefore requires an approach that recognizes all aspects of it. We urge employers to join us in looking at impairment through the new lens that our current moment demands.”
Impairment has been a workplace safety issue for decades.
However, the pandemic has forced a new era of workplace safety, one in which employers are grappling with increased substance use and misuse, as well as increased mental health distress, including depression and anxiety – medical conditions that frequently are interrelated.
In particular, the pandemic has worsened the country’s opioid crisis, which has been challenging employers for several years. In the 12 months ending in May 2020, there were 81,000 fatal drug overdoses – the highest number ever recorded.
More than half of employers surveyed by NSC – 52% – said they know impairment is decreasing the safety of their workforce. In comparison, 77% of respondents view impairment as an important consideration when determining an employee’s fitness for duty. While 70% of employers said they discuss substance impairment during employee onboarding, only 47% discuss other forms of impairment, such as fatigue, mental health, and stress. In previous research, NSC found that tired, fatigued employees have negatively impacted 90% of employers.
The National Safety Council is tackling mental health in the workplace and guiding employers to address it effectively. Employers can visit nsc.org/safer for playbooks, guides, and other resources to help address mental health and wellbeing as part of the Council’s SAFER effort.
Image by Lukas Bieri from Pixabay